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domenica 14 settembre 2014

Scotland referendum: EU contagion fears separatists

The vote on 18 September makes European leaders nervous, shaking the threat to refuse Edinburgh outside of the European Union

Les Écossais votent le 18 septembre pour ou contre leur indépendance vis-à-vis du Royaume-Uni.
Scots will vote Sept. 18 in favor or against the independence from the United Kingdom. © Andy Buchanan / AFP
source AFP
According to "The point.fr"
Fearing contagion, European leaders are struggling to hide their nervousness at the prospect of Scottish independence and wave the threat to refuse Edinburgh outside the EU. This week, a European Commission spokesman declined to comment on the latest polls give no and yes elbow to elbow, pointing out that it was an "internal matter."
But its president, José Manuel Barroso, had attracted the ire of Scottish independence in February when he said it would be "extremely difficult, if not impossible" for an independent Scotland to join the EU. "There will obviously be very difficult to obtain the consent of all the other Member States of the EU to accept a new country from another Member State," he said.
He cited Spain, in the face of separatist claims, which have refused to recognize Kosovo. "It 'a somewhat similar situation, because it is a new country," he added. Clumsiness that Scottish independence hastened to denounce distinguish their referendum, made by London for the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo from Serbia and contested.
"A difficult situation for the EU"
The promise of a headache institutional Brussels has led some executives to make "political statements surprisingly," said Nicola McEwen, a professor at the Centre for Scottish constitutional change. "It 's really a difficult situation for the EU," said Pablo Calderon Martinez also responsible for European Studies at King's College London.
The European Union, which has a lot to do with the economy at half-mast and high unemployment, especially among young people, could do without the discussion that promises storm about how an independent Scotland, very pro-European, should to treat. Especially in the East, the actions of Russia in Ukraine concerned the Baltic countries with large Russian-speaking minorities, who could ask for more autonomy.
The vote on 18 September makes European leaders nervous, shaking the threat to refuse Edinburgh outside of the European Union
"Discourage Catalonia"
"Nobody wants to have anything to do with this, while there was no crisis in Ukraine, the Middle East, in Iraq," said Montserrat Guibernau, a professor of political science at Queen Mary University of London.
One thing is certain: "A new independent state would, because of its independence, a state outside the European Union", summarized in 2013 the President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, when asked Catalonia. So it needs to apply to join the EU, "according to the procedures of accession notes," that could last until 2020, according to experts. "In any case, it would be subject to ratification by all member states," he said.
The Catalans, who held mass demonstrations for independence in Barcelona this week, but the Basques are closely following the referendum, while Madrid refuses to take into account independently of its regions. "The Spanish, French and possibly, probably, will do everything possible to poison the existence of Scotland within the EU in order to discourage Catalonia," said Pablo Calderon Martinez.
"A source of pride for the EU"
The German Foreign Minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, said this week that he would prefer "to imagine that the UK remains united."
"I could not imagine a scenario in which Scotland is the only country in Europe to be ruled out," however, points out Nicola McEwen. Scottish independence hopes of tearing a treaty change, which would allow them to stay in the EU before formal independence, scheduled for early 2016.
Some experts cite the example of East Germany after reunification, saying that after discussions initially difficult, membership might be expected in two or three years. Nicola McEwen, the interest of Brussels to come out on top. "This could become a source of pride for the EU, because it is not always the case that territorial disputes are resolved."