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lunedì 9 marzo 2015

350 years ago the inhabitants of Jijel drove the Duke of Beaufort and his troops from Algeria

The 350th anniversary of the defeat of the Duke of Beaufort, who had tried in 1664, at the head of a French expeditionary force to occupy the city of Jijel, was celebrated Saturday at a conference at the Islamic Cultural Center Ahmed -Hamani.
The association '' Glory to the history and patrimoine''de Jijel chose this date, which coincides with the double commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the outbreak of the Revolution and the death of Shahid commander Rouibah Hocine, former political commissar of the wilaya II history, to recall the heroic resistance of the people of this coastal area of ​​the country before the landing by Louis IV decided to establish a permanent naval base.
This qi conference brought together scholars, students, high school students and many citizens, allowed the speaker Abdellatif Sofiane, University of Oran, to return to the "long resistance of the people of Jijel facing the French colonization" .
During the flashback, the historian lingered on the different civilizations that have set foot in this northern region whose history is bimillenary.
The resistors always "wild" that this theater had the territory were also passed to comb through the speaker who relied on several historical sources.
He reminded that the ancient Igilgili suffered in 1664 a large-scale attack launched by King Louis XIV under the pressure of one of his ministers, namely Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) mainly interested in the routes of commercial companies in Africa.
A powerful expeditionary force commanded by Francis, Count of Vendôme, 2nd Duke of Beaufort, was landed at Jijel by Admiral Duquesne, July 23, 1664, near the place called Sidi Amar.
This occupation has had only ephemeral due to strong resistance from local populations.
After three months of skirmishes, the expeditionary force was defeated 31 October 1664 by the inhabitants, assisted by the Janissaries Dey of Algiers, arrived late on the scene.
After the crushing defeat and the sudden return to France of what remained of the expeditionary force, the city of Toulon, hit by the plague, could not accommodate the survivors of the Royal Navy dispatched subsequently quarantined to nearby cities .
In fact, assured the speaker, the pretext of this disease was a way to distract the population on the crushing defeat suffered in Jijel by French troops.
Responsible men and in poor condition, a ship named '' The Moon ', broke in two and sank with his men at the end of the harbor of Toulon.
The wreck of the ship, remarkably preserved, will be found in 1993 by chance off this town in southern France.
The speaker felt that taking Jijel, aborted by the local population and reinforcements sent to Algiers by the Agha Chaâbane, was a prelude and the starting point of the colonization of all Algérie.Ironie of fate, destiny crossed or history during the coincidence?
Jijel is attacked in July and released on November 1, 1664, while nearly three centuries later, Algeria launched its war of liberation on 1 November 1954 to wrest independence July 5, 1962, noted Mr Sofiane.
Pr. Abdelatif Sofiane insisted, before concluding its Communication on "the need to write the history of the country not to depend solely on books, writing, evidence or sources from the other side of the Mediterranean '.
These sources, he has held, are generally "distorting prisms" the reality of the bravery of a people who "always knew and have opposed fiercely attempts or occupancy of the soil campaigns ".
Il y a 350 ans, les Jijeliens chassaient le duc de Beaufort et ses troupes d’Algérie