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domenica 4 ottobre 2015

List of leaders of Algeria since the year 215 BC

This article is a statement names, kings and leaders who were at the head of Algeria and since the year 215 BC J / C, not only the history of the leaders of the modern Republic of Algeria. We must not forget that human civilization in North Africa and particularly in Algeria dates back thousands of years but it is only since antiquity that space begins to take its present form by splitting into regions and peoples. The list of leaders who have succeeded at the head of Algeria were the first architects of the modern Algerian state-nation of today. Like a chronicle these great figures were a vast panorama of past events and are a vital source for the documentary value, which raises the role they have played through the millennia. They remain a source of historical knowledge of Algeria sometimes astonishing crudity, hence the name list below!

Numidian Kings
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Kings of Western Numidia of masaesyli:
• King Syphax (215 BC to 220 BC J.C. J.C.)
• Kings of Eastern Numidia of Massyles:
• King Zelalsen (circa 225 BC up to 215 BC)
• King Gaia (circa 215 BC to 207 BC J.C. J.C.)
• Ozalces King (207-206 BC)
• Capusa King (206-206 BC)
• Lacumazes King (206-206 BC)
• King Massinissa (206-202 BC), who unified Numidia
Kings of the unified Numidia:
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• King Massinissa (202-148 BC)
• Micipsa King (148-118 BC)
• Gulussa King (148-145 BC) - Viceroy, Minister of War
• Mastanabal King (145-118 BC) - Viceroy, Minister of Justice
• Adherbal King (118-112 BC)
• King Hiempsal I (118-118 BC)
• King Jugurtha (118-106 BC)
• King Gauda (106-88 BC)
• King Hiempsal II (88-60 BC)
• King Juba I (60-46 BC)
• Sovereignty seized by the Roman Republic (46 to 30 AD)
• King Juba II (30-23 BC)
• King Ptolemy of Mauretania (23 BC to 40 AD) - End of the Numidian Dynasty.

RomanListe des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
 occupation
• Emperor Augustus (25 BC to AD 14)
• Emperor Tiberius (14-37) - Tacfarinas leads resistance
• Emperor Caligula (37-41)
• Emperor Claude I (41-54)
• Emperor Nero (54-69)
• Emperor Vespasian (69-79)
• Emperor Titus (79-81)
• Emperor Domitian (81-96)
• Emperor Nerva (96-98)
• Emperor Trajan (98-117)
• Emperor Hadrian (117-138)
• Emperor Antoninus Pius (138-161)
• Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180)
• Emperor Commodus (180-192)
• Emperor Septimus Severus (193-211)
• Emperor Caracalla (211-217)
• Emperor Macrinus (217-218) - This emperor is coming from Cherchell
• Emperor Elagabalus (218-222)
• Emperor Alexander Severus (222-235)
• Emperor Diocletian (284-285)
• Emperor Maximian Hercules (285-305)
• Emperor Constantius (305-306)
• Emperors of the West, until Honorius (395-423) and Valentinian III (425-455) in 439 losing control of the country in favor of the partial Vandal domination.

Vandal occupation
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• King Genseric of the Vandals (430-477)
• Huneric King (477-484) - Berber revolt Circumcellions
• Gunthamund King (484-496)
• Thrasamund King (496-523)
• Hilderic King (523-530) - his general Hoamer undergoes a loss to the Berbers.

Byzantine occupation
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Emperor Justinian (530-565)
• Emperor Justin II (565-578)
• Emperor Tiberius II (578-582)
• Emperor Mauritius I (582-602)
• Emperor Phocas (602-610)
• Emperor Heraclius (610-641)
• Emperor Constantine III (641-641)
• Heraklonas Emperor (641-641)
• Emperor Constans II (641-647)

Caliphate Umayyad caliphs who succeeded the 4 called "el Rashidun"
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Caliph Muawiyah I (647-656)
• Caliph Yazid I (680-683)
• Caliph Muawiya II (683-684)
• Marwan Khalife I (684-685)
• Caliph Abd el Malik (685-705) - Alger is taken from the Byzantines.
• Caliph Al Walid I (705-715)
• Caliph Suleiman ibn Abd el Malik (715-717)
• Caliph Omar II (717-720)
• Caliph Yazid II (720-724)
• Caliph Hisham Ibn Abdul Malik (724-743)
Berber Revolt
(743-776) - North Africa ignites under the direction of a Berber revolt against taxes and the Sunni rite Umayyad allegedly responsible for the death of Ali ibn Abi Talib. A Berber army imposes defeat two Umayyad Arab armies (in Chlef and Constantine) from Spain and Damascus. The Berber army starts and from Bejaia to reform the Islamic world.
Dynasty Roustemide
• Imam Ibn Abderahmane Roustoum (776-784)
• Imam Ibn Abdelwahab Abderahman (784-832)
• Imam ibn Aflah abdelwahab (832-871)
• Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Aflah (871-871)
• Imam Mohamed Abou Yaqzan (871-894)
• Imam Youssef Abou Hatem (894-897)
• Imam Ibn Yaakoub Aflah (897-901)
• Imam Youssef Abou Hatem - yet - (901-906)
• Imam Mohamed Ibn Yakzan (906-909)
Fatimid dynasty
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Imam Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah - (909-934). Berber armies bass Kutama based Kabylie under Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, the Fatimid dynasty. The Kutamas Rostemides end the dynasty and conquered Ifriqiya. When transferring their court in Egypt, they name the Zirid Dynasty to replace them and impose union.
Dynasty Zirid
• Ziri ibn Manad (935-973)
• Buluggin ibn Ziri (973-983) - built the Muslim city of Algiers
• Bologhine ibn al-Mansur (983-995)
• Badis ibn Mansur (995-1015)
• al-Muizz ibn Badis (1015-1062) - the Banu Hilal, sent by the Fatimids, destroying Kairouan, the capital Zirids is transferred to Mahdia
• Tamim ibn al-Muizz (1062-1108)
• Yahya ibn Tamim (1108-1131)
• Ali ibn Yahya (1115-1121)
• Ali ibn al-Hasan (1121-1148)
Hammadid Dynasty
• Hammad ibn Bologhine (1014-1028) - son of Buluggin ibn Ziri and prince Zirid dynasty he founded Hammadids
• Hammad ibn al-Quaid (1028-1045)
• Muhsin ibn Quaid (1045-1046)
• Bologhine ibn Muhammad ibn Hammad (1046 to 1062)
• an-Nasir ibn Hammad ibn Alnas (1062-1088)
• Mansur ibn al-Nasir (1088-1105)
• Badis ibn Mansur (1105)
• Abd al-Aziz ibn Mansur (1105-1121)
• Yahya ibn Abd al-Aziz (1121-1152)
Almoravid dynasty
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Youssef Ibn Tachfine (1061-1106) - founder of the Almoravid dynasty
• Ali ibn Yusuf (1106-1142)
• Tashfin ibn Ali (1142-1146)
• Ibrahim ibn Tashfin (1146-1147)
• Ishaq Ben Ali (1147)

Almohad dynasty
• Abd al-Mu'min (1145-1163) - founder of the Almohad dynasty
• Abu Yaqub Yusuf (1163-1184)
• Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur (1184-1199)
• Muhammad al-Nasir (1199-1213)
• Yusuf al-Mustansir (1213-1223)
• Abdul-Wahid I, Almohad Caliph (1223)
• Abdallah al-Adil (1224-1227)
• Mutasim al-Yahya (1227-1235)
• Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid (1242-1248) - he managed to recover part of the west of Algeria then annexed by the Hafsids

Hafsid dynasty
• Yahya I (1229-1249)
• Muhammad al-Mustansir I (1249-1277)
• Yahya al-Watiq II (1277-1279)
• Ibrahim I (1279-1283)
• Abd al Aziz I (1283)
• Ahmad Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284)
• Omar I (1284-1295)
• Muhammad al-Muntasir II (1295-1309)
• Abu Bakr al-Shahid I (1309)
• Khalid I an-Nasir (1309-1311)
• Zakarija al-Lihyani I (1311-1317)
• Muhammad al-Mustansir III al-Lihyani (1317-1318)
• Abu Bakr al-Mutawakkil II (1318-1346)
• Omar II (1346-1347)
• (short reign of the Merinid Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman (1347))
• Ahmad I al-Fadi al-Mutawakkil (1348 - 1350)
• Ibrahim al-Mustansir II (1350-1369)
• Khalid II (1369-1370)
• Ahmad al-Mustansir II (1370-1394)
• Abd al-Aziz al-Mutawakkil II (1394-1434) - under his rule the empire extends from Algiers to Tripoli
• Muhammad al-Mutansir IV (1434-1435)
• Othman (1435-1488)
• Yahya III (1488-1489)
• Abd al-Mu'min (1489-1490)
• Zakariya II (1490-1494)
• Muhammad V al-Mutawakkil (1494-1526)

Dynasty Zyanide
• Yghomracen Ibn Zyan (1236-1283) - Founded the dynasty whose capital was Tlemcen. This dynasty is also called Abdalwadide.
• Ibn Othmane Yghomracen (1283-1304)
• Zeyane Abu Mohamed Ibn Othmane I (1304-1308)
• Abu Hammu II (1353-1389) - Takes Algiers.
• Abu Zeyane (1389-1389)
• Abou Youssef El Hadjadj (1389-1393)
• Abu Zeyane (1393-1399)
• Abou Mohamed (1399-1401)
• Abu Abdallah El Tensi (1401-1410)
• Moulay Said Ibn Abu Hammou (1410-1411)
• Abu Malek (1411-1425)
• Abu Fares (1425 to 1425)
• Ahmed Abou El Abbas (1425-1425)
• Mohamed Moulay (1425 to 1435)
• Moulay Abdallah (1435-1437)
• Abu Zeyane (from 1437 to 1438)
• El Moutawakel (1438 to 1475)
• Mohamed (1438-1460)
• Abu Zakaria (1460-1488)
• Abu Abdallah Mohamed (1488-1505)
• Mohamed Abu Abdallah II (1505-1512) - he deals with the Spanish who already controls Algiers, Oran, Bejaia, Mers el Kebir and Tenes. Algerians call the Ottomans to come help them.

Regency of Algiers
• Oruç Reis (1515-1518)
• Hayreddin Barbarossa (1518-1520)
• Ahmed Ben El Cadi (1520-1527)
• kheirdine Barbarossa (1527-1533)
• Agha Hassan (1533-1545)
• kheirdine Ibn Hasan Pasha (1545-1551)
• Salah Rais (1551-1556)
• Mohamed Kourdougli (1556-1556)
• Caid Youssef (1556-1556)
• Yahia Pasha (1556-1556)
• kheirdine Ibn Hasan Pasha (1556-1561)
• Ahmed Pasha (1561-1561)
• kheirdine Ibn Hasan Pasha (1561-1567)
• Mohamed Ibn Salah Rais (1567-1568)
• El Euldj Ali (1568-1571)
• Arab Ahmed (1571-1573)
• Caid Ramdan (1573-1577)
• Hassan Veneziano (1577-1580)
• Jafar Pasha (1580-1582)
• Caid Ramdan (1582-1582)
• Hassan Veneziano (1582-1587)
• Dely Ahmed (1587 1589)
• Khider (1589-1591)
• Shaaban (1591-1595)
• Khider (1595-1596)
• Mustapha (1596-1599)
• Deli Boukricha Hassan (1599-1600)
• Suleymane (1600 to 1604)
• Khider (1604-1605)
• Mustapha El Koussa (1605-1607)
• Redouane (1607-1610)
• Mustapha El Koussa (1610-1611)
• Mustapha (1611-1614)
• Hocine (1614-1616)
• Mustapha (1616-1617)
• Suleiman Pasha (1617-1618)
• Hocine Pasha (1618-1619)
• Sidi Hadji Saref (1619-1621)
• Hocine Pasha, governor of Sousse (1621-1623) - Plague Epidemic in Algiers bombing English, Dutch bombing
• Mourad El Aama Pasha (1623-1624)
• Ibrahim Pasha (1624-1624)
• Sidi Hadji Saref (1624-1626)
• Hocine Pasha (1626-1630)
• Younes Pasha (1630-1632)
• Hocine Pasha (1632-1634)
• Youssef Pasha (1634-1637)
• Ali Pasha (1637 1639)
• Sheikh Hocine (1639-1640)
• Jamal Abu Youssef (1640-1642)
• Mohamed Boursali (1642-1645)
• Betchine Ali (1645-1645)
• Mohamed Boursali (1645-1647)
• Jamal Abu Youssef (1647-1647)
• Othmane (1647-1651)
• Mohamed (1651-1653)
• Tobal (1653-1655)
• El Hadj Ahmed (1655-1656)
• Ibrahim (1656-1656)
• El Hadj Ahmed (1656-1657)
• Ismail Ibn Ibrahim (1657-1659)
• Khelil (1659-1660)
• Ramdan (1660-1661)
• Shaaban (1661-1665)
• Ali (1665-1671)
• Hadj Mohamed (1671-1681)
• Baba Hassen (1681-1683)
• El Hadj Hussein Dey Pach el formerly Mezzo Morto (1683-1688)
• Ibrahim Khoja (1688 1688)
• Shaaban Hadj Bey (1688-1695)
• El Hadj Ahmed (1695-1698)
• Baba Hassen (1698-1700)
• Hadj Mustapha (1700-1705)
• Hocine Khodja (1705-1707)
• Mohamed Baktache (1707 1710)
• Dely Brahim (1710 to 1710)
• Ali Chaouch (1710-1718)
• Mohamed Ben Hassan (1718-1724)
• Kourd Abdi (1724-1732)
• Ibrahim Baba (from 1732 to 1745)
• Ibrahim Koutchouk (from 1745 to 1748)
• Mohamed Ben Bekir He formerly Retorto (1748-1754)
• Baba Ali Bou Sbaa (1754-1766)
• Ben Osman Mohamed Khodja (1766-1791)
• Hassan Dey (1791-1798) - Father of the famous el Khedaouedj aamia and stepfather of the future Hussein Dey.
• Dey Mustapha (1798-1805)
• Khodja Ahmed Bey (1805-1808)
• Hadj Ali (1808-1809)
• Hadj Ali (1809-1815)
• Mohamed Kharnadji (1815-1815)
• Omar Agha (1815 1817)
• Ali Ben Ahmed (1817-1818)
• Hussein Dey (1818-1830)

French colonization
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
• Charles X (1830 to 1830)
• Louis Philippe (1830-1848)
• Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (1848-1852)
• Napoleon III (1852 to 1870)
• Louis Jules Trochu (1870-1871)
• Adolphe Thiers (1871 to 1873)
• Patrice de MacMahon (1873-1879)
• Jules Grevy (1879-1887)
• Marie Francois Sadi Carnot (1887-1894)
• Jean Casimir-Perier (1894-1895)
• Félix Faure (1895-1899)
• Emile Loubet (1899-1906)
• Fallières Armand (1906-1913)
• Raymond Poincaré (1913-1920)
• Paul Deschanel (1920-1920)
• Alexandre Millerand (1920-1924)
• Gaston Doumergue (1924-1931)
• Paul Doumer (1931-1932)
• Albert Lebrun (1932-1940)
• Charles de Gaulle (1940-1946) (...)
• Felix Gouin (1946 to 1946)
• Georges Bidault (1946 to 1946)
• Blum (1946-1947)
• Vincent Auriol (1947 to 1954)
• René Coty (1954-1959)
• Charles de Gaulle (1959 to 1962)

Republic of Algeria
Liste des dirigeants de l'Algérie depuis l'an 215 av J.C!
Ahmed Ben Bella (1962-1965)
• Houari Boumediene (1965-1978)
• Rabah Bitat (from 1978 to 1979)
• Chadli (1979-1992)
• Mohamed Boudiaf (1992)
• Ali Kafi (1992-1994)
• Zeroual (1994 to 1999)
• Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1999 to today)
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