Since 2012 , Algeria and the United States have launched a strategic partnership. But for CSIS experts , this agreement is not enough.
" We do not understand Algeria " left yesterday, Haim Malka , deputy director of the Middle East program at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS ) .
M.Malka debate hosted a conference at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa. Misunderstood policy on one side and a region particularly ill-suited Maghreb to another . In this context , the expert of the prestigious think tank based in Washington, said that relations between Algeria and the United States and not ' been a great combination. " They are actually limited to an agreement between the two countries in the eighteenth century and the strong support expressed by former President JFK Liberation War in the '50s. " For the rest , it was not until the independence of Algeria on trade, energy security, and especially the two countries closer . The American expert invited by the Diplomatic Institute and International Relations ( Idri ) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs noted that the situation has now changed , as the energy of the umbilical cord " between us" is about to break. With the discovery of shale gas , America will become in a few years , the energy independent .
Supporting figures, the speaker noted that the U.S. demand for Algerian oil was 4.43 million barrels per day in 2007 and in 2012 this question has begun a downward-sloping curve to reach 120,000 barrels per day. To this end, the head of the American think tank has estimated that several other reports have to reinvent the energy between the two countries " , especially with the changes taking place , both in the Maghreb region in American foreign policy. Starting in 2012 , the ' Algeria and the United States have launched a strategic partnership. CSIS But to experts , this agreement is not sufficient because the two countries have not decided what kind of partnership they want, what are the priorities of this partnership and what are its goals? M.Malka considered that Algeria has given a strong signal to densify and relationships availability with the appointment of an ambassador to a high level in the person of Mr. Abdallah Baali . in its approach , the U.S. think tank sees the interactions citizens ' only way to strengthen the relations between the two countries. Algeria , the United States should consider a strategy of interaction between populations , because the relationship between governments disappear , but change the friendships remain and the last time , "said the speaker . "There are very few men of letters , scholars and American characters that have visited Algeria in order to ensure that Americans understand the Algerian society , its traditions and culture ," he regretted .
Haim Malka considered in this context we must now encourage exchanges and visits between universities and young people. There are very few young Algerians who benefit from the program in the United States and vice versa. He cites the impressive figure of 80,000 Saudi students who are currently in American universities. By entering this dynamic regional level , CSIS researcher noted that this situation is not specific to Algeria , but it is an attitude dictated by the imperatives of foreign policy of the United States which has always linked the Maghreb region in the Middle East. This policy has always focused on Egypt, Lebanon and Palestine , leaving nearly abandoned the Maghreb. And the teacher to advance these significant figures. " The aid granted in 2013 by Americans of all Maghreb countries combined were $ 103 million and provided assistance to Lebanon was $ 165 million . " In other words , the lack of interest in North Africa. Emphasizes the expert that another factor complicating American policy in the region and has, according to him, the tension between the countries of this region relations , including the issue of decolonization of Western Sahara.